Toraja of Sulawesi, Indonesia: ethnicity at crossroads?
Amarjiva Lochan (Shivaji College, University of Delhi)
Paper short abstract:
Sa'dan Toraja from South Sulawesi, Indonesia has been the sufferers of strange Indonesian Govt rules as they do not belong to any of the five state recognised religions. Forced to be the follower of one of them, their religious practice, identity and the Indonesian nationality is threatened.
Paper long abstract:
Primarily wet-rice farmers, Sa'dan Toraja are the marginalised tribal group located in the northern highlands of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Their indigenous religion, known as Aluk to Dolo or "Way of the Ancestors", like most indigenous religions of small-scale societies, is characteristically animist and highly localized, being intimately linked with the context in which it has evolved. Following the Indonesian Government's rule that the citizens of the country has to be followers of either of the five recognized religions( Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism , Catholicism and Protestantism) without fail. If the local tribal practices of belief system is continued, the practitioners would not get their ID of the nation. This forced step has led the group to be converted either as Muslim or Christian( a few of them being Hindu too). In all three circumstances, Toraja people are losing their traditional way of life. Paper evaluates this inner struggle of them and makes an attempt to locate their destiny.
Health and emerging regional demographic trends