Status of women in rehabilitated communities of Upper Kolab in Koraput district, Odisha, India
(Central University of Odisha)
Paper short abstract:
Rehabilitation resulting due to developmental programmes/projects lack proper social and economic dimensions and the worst sufferer are the women. A case study at Upper Kolab multipurpose project reveals this and suggest new dimension of rehabilitation programmes.
Paper long abstract:
The rehabilitated areas comprise of members of different communities of both scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and other caste people. The socio-economic scenario here is different from the nearby villages which are isolated and inhabited by one or two communities. The male members are engaged in supplementing and compensating the economics of the households while females compensate and compromise with the household work. Because of rehabilitation, the male members often move to other places for doing menial jobs. The present study is carried out in the rehabilitated areas of Upper Kolab multipurpose project of Kotpad block of Koraput district. Two villages and two blocks (rehabilitated blocks) are taken as samples having more than one thousand population. Some villages are retaining their original name though they are in the rehabilitated areas. Educational and health facilities in the rehabilitated blocks are worse than the nearby villages and worst sufferer is the women. The inter community interaction in the rehabilitated communities is very poor. As a result, women who mostly confine to household work and remain at home are not only subjected to psychological pressure but also suffer from different health hazards due to meager family income. The apathetic attitude of the policy implementers is apparent as the rehabilitated communities are deprived of the basic human needs and thus the rehabilitation programmes need to be redefined with integration of appropriate social and economic dimension.
The impact of development projects on the quality of life of women in rural and tribal societies