Accepted paper:

Impact of MNREGA on Indigenous People of Chottanagpur Plateau in India

Authors:

Kumari Vibhuti Nayak (IIT Patna)

Paper short abstract:

The NREGA Act 2005 was implemented by the Government of India For the up-liftment of financial condition for the people living in the rural areas. The NREGA Act is now known as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA). Its aim is to enhance the livelihood security of the people in the rural areas by guaranteeing One hundred days of wage employment to the adult members of every household.

Paper long abstract:

The NREGA Act 2005 was implemented by the Government of India For the upliftment of financial condition for the people living in the rural areas. The NREGA Act is now known as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA). Its aim to enhance the livelihood security of the people in the rural areas by guaranteeing One hundred days of wage employment to the adult members of every household. Through the process of providing employment on works that address causes of chronic poverty such as deforestation, drought and social erosion, the Act seeks to strengthen the natural resource base of rural livelihood and create durable assets in rural area. Hailing the MNREGA as the first legal entitlement for the poor towards the right to livelihood. It has highlighted the aspects of the right to apply for the demand, choose work, a clear schedule of rates and unemployment allowances in case work is not provided and transparency in proceeding with regular social audits. This paper is based on the field experience on the indigenous people of Bishunpur area at Gumla district in Jharkhand. The land in Bishunpur is highly dissected and has rough terrain. This matter is fruitful discussion on the people for uplifting the living standard as well as Socio- cultural life. In this area major indigenous group is Oraon and other tribal groups such as Kherwar, Asur, Birhor, Birjiya, Mahli, Chick Baraik, Raj Gond, Munda, Lohara & Karmali tribes. Due to this Act the tribal culture is changing.

panel SE03
Indigenous culture at the cross roads in the Indian subcontinent