A comparative study of childhood and adolescent obesity between North and West Delhi: an up coming life-style problem of mega-urbanisation in India
Prakash Mondal (University of Delhi)
Paper short abstract:
Study on obesity was conducted in North & West Delhi to understand the current prevalence, nature and etiology of childhood and adolescent obesity. Overall frequency of obesity was 4.40% in North Delhi and 12.20% in West Delhi. Children and adolescents of both sexes showed very high frequency of over weights in West Delhi
Paper long abstract:
The present study on obesity was conducted in North and West Delhi in order to understand the current prevalence, nature and etiology of childhood (6+ -9) and adolescent (9+ -15) obesity using BMI as an indicator. BMI for age chart was considered and those greater than 95th percentiles are considered as obese and those greater than 85th percentiles of BMI for age at risk (WHO, 1995). There were two main experimental groups i.e. children (6+ -9yrs.) and adolescent (9+ -15 yrs.) with two sexual groups in each main group. The 200 data of children (Male=100, Female=100) and 300 data of adolescents (Male=150, Female=150) were collected from North Delhi and data of 200 children (Male=100, Female=100) and 300 data of adolescents (Male=150, Female=150) from West Delhi were collected randomly from different Public Schools. The natures of data collected from different schools were as: Somatometry, dietary habits, physical activities and physically passive behaviours. In North Delhi the overall frequency of obesity was 4.40% whereas, in West Delhi it was 12.20%.The frequency of male and female obese were 4.0% and 4.80%respectively in North Delhi .But West Delhi showed a very high frequency of male and female obesity (15.20% and 16.67% respectively). The male and female children of West Delhi (17.0% and 13.0% respectively) showed a very high frequency as compared to North Delhi (4.0% and 5.0% respectively) In West Delhi the frequency of obesity among male and female adolescents were also very high as compared to North Delhi.
Health and nutrition: changes in lifestyle in the era of globalization