Author:Valeriya Vasilkova (St Petersburg State University)
Paper short abstract:
The paper examines the attributes of the extra-scientific knowledge that allows him to see the innovative potential for the formation of knowledge societies (syncretism, practical, technological, useful character).
Paper long abstract:
In accordance with a "strong programme" of social epistemology sociology should study and explain all kinds of knowledge, while remaining indifferent to the division of knowledge into true and false, the rational and the irrational. Any system of knowledge is important because each of them formed a particular social group in a particular social situation. The concept of the knowledge society, which was set in UNESCO documents, based on a similar position in this matter. For the formation of the knowledge society it is important to use and develop different kinds of knowledge.
The paper examines the attributes of the extra-scientific knowledge that allows him to see in the innovation potential for the formation of the knowledge society (syncretism, practical, technological, useful character). In addition, we characterize those factors and institutional arrangements that will realize this innovative potential. Special attention is given to the problem of reproduction and transmission of various forms of knowledge in the educational process. In particular, we are talking about the need to transform the education system in the context of the complex theories of intelligence. Researchers working in this direction, saying that intelligence can not be reduced only to the logical-mathematical or linguistic knowledge. They argue that there are many forms of intelligence (the social, emotional, communicative, bodily, spatial, interpersonal, naturalist, etc.). Each of these types of intelligence can be most effective for different activities. For the development of a variety of intellectual skills need a new culture of learning and new educational technologies.
Indigenous knowledge and sustainable development (IUAES Commission on Indigenous Knowledge and Sustainable Development)