Male-female and humankind-nature balances
Paper short abstract:
The assumption of a new anthropological framework, based on parity between sexes, would facilitate restoring a balance between humankind and nature.
Paper long abstract:
The paper is introducing to a possible new anthropological framework, and, more specifically, to an anthropological frame of reference based on parity between sexes. In fact one key anthropological parameter would be the power balance between sexes, their relatives included. An unbalance of such power would correspond to a splitting between referring the positive aspects of nature to the more powerful sex, and those negative to the less powerful one. An example would be the connection between patriarchy and the tendency to subject the most savage aspects of nature, as similar to female nature, origin of possible punishments, diseases, death, and other problems, besides the research of a paradise, an ideal patriarchal culture and so on. An example of such tendencies outside the Western socioculture could be that of the Blackfeet American Indians. These unbalances would constitute, particularly within the Western socioculture, see e.g. the Cartesian dualism, an useful premise to indiscriminately subject nature. Finding an anthropological reference for parity between sexes looks as quite simple. In fact some considerations based on Murdock's social types would lead to the indication of the nor-Eskimo social type as main reference. Should there be expert representatives of such sociocultures, they should be encouraged to express their own opinion on the Western socioculture. Similar aspects are even present in the Western socioculture itself, however the assumption of such personal viewpoints by its researchers could present many difficulties, which should be discussed.
Averting a global environmental collapse: the role of anthropology and local knowledge (WCAA panel)