Accepted paper:

Identity Movement and Urbanization

Author:

Ashok Das Gupta (University of North Bengal )

Paper short abstract:

If there is any interlink between identity movement and urbanization is the key theme of this paper. Case study is taken from India.

Paper long abstract:

If urbanisation and identity movement can influence each other is the main theme of this paper. Case study has been taken from northern West Bengal state of India and target group is Nepali speaking Himalayan people in respect to Siliguri township of sub-Himalayas. Nepali-speaking hill people are basically from Central Himalayan country of Nepal where the concept of pan-Himalayan integrity in the name of Gorkha identity was emerged. In British India and in post-independent times,many people of them have served Gorkha regiment and socio-politically formed a human shield in borderlands They serve as the backbone alternatives like tea estates, forest departments, tourism,and settled agriculture: on the basis of that, several urban pockets were developed by the British in included Himalayan pockets and Terai-Duars foothills along with local watersheds from influences of Sikkim and Bhutan. Gorkha people know very well the Shahi notion in Indian politics and the goodwill between Shahi and British Commonwealth needed for safety in South Asia. Gorkhas always demand a separate statehood in the name of Gorkhaland over these territories once included in Bengal Presidency (now West Bengal state of India). They keep good terms with country India. For the last hundred years, this demand of Gorkhaland was raised, whenever in British India or India with First, Second and First Worlds in critical stages: to some the demand was of separatism and to many for inclusiveness. Globalization, desparities and urban growth in Siliguri sub-Himalayas are accompanied by Gorlkaland movement.

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