Indigenous Medical Knowledge Practices among Soliga Tribes of Southern India.
B.K. Ravindranath (Kuvempu Institute of Studies)
Paper short abstract:
Knowledge and people are the two faces of civilization. Without knowledge no civilization and without people no knowledge. Most of the knowledge has been acquired and transmitted through generations with an interaction of nature. Knowledge traverse through various civilizations has attained its zenith as a reciprocal of present day life. Whereas the knowledge which has confined within the group of people is still seen as most indigenous and virgin without the fragrance of transformation or modification. Those knowledge which traversed through various civilization has lost its virginity beyond the limit of tracing its path.
Paper long abstract:
The original knowledge is still protected and transformed to generations among the tribal people living in the most ancient land blocks like Africa and in India. These tribal people has been cornered into patches where the present tribal generation struggling hard to retain indigenous knowledge and also to strike a balance between the present day way of living and the indigenous knowledge. Among the various tribes living in patches in different parts of India, The Soliga tribe is one among them distributed along the forest tracts of Western Ghats of south western India. This tribe have a long history of their origin and still they are preserving the indigenous knowledge inherited from their ancestors. Their knowledge about plants, animals, ecological balance and atmospheric variations are unique and genuinely preserved. They have good knowledge about medicinal properties of each plant and animal by-products. This paper reveals their in-depth knowledge about indigenous medicine. Secondly, an earnest effort has been made to make a document of medicinal plants, which are at the verge of extinct. Thirdly, conserving such plants and propagating the value of this knowledge is one of the objectives of this paper.
Action anthropology, tribal medicine and development