From Indigenous Tribal Governance to Post Rehabilitation National Governance and Economic Development Scenario, Case study of Nagarhole Forest Tribes in Karnataka State, India.
Arun Das (University of Mysore)
B.K. Ravindranath (Kuvempu Institute of Studies)
Paper short abstract:
The main theme of this paper is to highlight the biased policy of the government towards the tribal’s and non tribal’s. The tribal’s who were confined with limited wants and closed type of societal living for the past decades has lead to the downtrodden condition of the tribes in India. The age old proverb say like ‘Only Crying Baby get’s the Milk’ aptly implies to the tribes of India. Their pathetic condition and the problems faced by the tribal’s to cope up with the transforming society at present are the main issues discussed in this paper.The reader of this paper will understand, what were the status of the Kadu Kuruba (forest shepherds) earlier to the enactment of tribal bill and the present status. secondly, this paper is focused upon the changing forest policies of the government and the dilemma existing in the life style of kadu Kuruba’s.
Paper long abstract:
Through the history, it is understood, India was a land of tribals and was abode of tribal's in these forests. Until the migration of people from the adjoin continents and the invasion done by the Europeans there was no sign of civilization. Obliviously, the Indian subcontinent took a long time to attain civilization, has seen elsewhere in the world. During, 15th century A.D, India had equal share of tribal's and civilized population. Since the civilized society was not having unity and they were ruled by number of kings, this weakness gave rise for the establishment of coloninal rule by the Portuguese, French and the British. During the British period, the entire people of indian subcontinent was classified into two categories, such as inclusive and exclusive system in their administration. The inclusive societies were given the ownership of land as per their size of land holding through generation, but, they were subjected to pay tax for their agricultural land. Where as the exclusive category was tribal's, they were kept outside the purview of law during British administration. After the independence, the tribal's were also brought under the purview of law. From the point of development of the tribal's and to bring the tribal's into mainstream of the society, the government of india passed the tribal bill act in 1964. Thus the tribal's were rehabilitated from an independent form of life style to a dependent form of life style.
Action anthropology, tribal medicine and development