Accepted paper:

Child trafficking in India: realities and realization

Author:

Sanjoy Roy (Visva-Bharati)

Paper short abstract:

The Paper will examine the child trafficking, its risk factors and vulnerability areas of concern in India and some suggestive measures to mitigate it.

Paper long abstract:

Human trafficking, especially children, is a form of modern day slavery. In India, a large number of children are trafficked not only for the sex 'trade' but also for other forms of non-sex based exploitation such as domestic labour, industrial labour, agricultural labour, begging, organ trade and false marriage. Child trafficking basically is a combination or series of events that may take place in the child's home community, at transit points and at final destinations. Exploitation may occur at the beginning, middle or end of the trafficking process or indeed at several points. The main factors of trafficking are poverty, low valuation of girls, loss of traditional sources of livelihood, growing unemployment, globalization and economic disparities between countries etc. There are few laws to prevent trafficking in India like Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, (ITPA) 1956, Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, 1956 (SITA), Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, Information Technology Act, 2000, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000. Still the condition of the child trafficked is miserable in India. Now what we require is to take some immediate and effective action against trafficking like building a protecting environment for the children, need a multidisciplinary approach in combating trafficking, urgent Ratification of the UN Trafficking Protocol, institutionalizing child-friendly procedures in law enforcement, need a vulnerability mapping of the source areas and demand areas, strengthen justice delivery system and prosecution system, human rights perspective in law enforcement etc..

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