Traces of Tantric Hinduism in Bali
Agustijanto Indradjaja (The National Center of Archaeology)
Paper short abstract:
This paper will present newly discovered Tantric sculptures of the 14th -19th century CE, found in the palace of Kaba-Kaba, Tabanan, and discuss the relationship between the Tantric religion of the Majapahit in East Java (r.1293-1447) and the Tantric art of Tabanan.
Paper long abstract:
Between the 14th -15th century during the Majapahit period, the Hindu Buddhist religion began to decline in the face of Islam.The island of Bali retained the Hindu Buddhist traditions which have lasted from around the 6th-7th century until the present day.Today the vast majority of the Balinese retain the Hindu religion, which is made up of nine sects; one of these sects was Hindu Tantryana. In the districts of Gianyar and Tabanan on the south of the island,Tantric Hinduism prevailed. This paper will present newly discovered Hindu Tantric sculptures dating from the 14th -19th century found in the palace of Kaba-Kaba, Tabanan, and will discuss the relationship and the wider effects between the Tantric practices of the earlier Majapahit and the Tantric art of Tabanan.
Symbolism of ancient sculptural art evidenced across the islands of Sumatra, Java, and Bali