Sondang Martini Siregar
(The Center of Archaeological Research PAlembang)
Paper Short Abstract:
The first Bumiayu site developed Hinduism in the 9th century AD. Then Bumiayu site got Tantric influence in the 13th century. That seen from the statues which indicated Tantric iconography. Tantric developed on Sumatera because Krtanegara King did Pamalayu expedition to Sumatera.
Paper long abstract:
Bumiayu site is on the bank of Lematang River, South Sumatera. In the site of Bumiayu found the temples building and statues. Bumiayu site have been received Tantric influence. Its look from description statues from the complex of Bumiayu 3. They described with a scary face and decorated with a skull on the body. That indicated of Tantric iconography. This paper aimed to describe temples and statues from Bumiyu sites, and Tantric influence in Sumatra.
At first, Hinduism appeared in Indonesia around the 5th century AD, namely in Kutai, East Kalimantan. Hinduism developed to Kota Kapur site, Bangka Island, in the 6th century AD. Next South Sumatera hinterland, namely Bumiayu site, around the 9th century AD. It is based on the evidence ceramics ancient, namely Chinese ceramics from the 9th century AD from Bumiayu site.
The construction of the complex of Bumiayu temple estimated had two steps. The first step was around in the 9th century AD. The second step in the 13th century that Bumiayu have been influenced Tantric. Tantric also developed on West Sumatra (Padang Roco site) and North Sumatra (Padang Lawas site). This is because the Pamalayu expedition conducted by Krtanegara king from Singhasari Kingdom (East Java) to Sumatera.
Key Words: Tantric, Hinduism, Temple, Statue, Bumiayu
Symbolism of ancient sculptural art evidenced across the islands of Sumatra, Java, and Bali