Conflicts Prevention and Resolution in Bamileke people of the Western Cameroon: The case of the Baleng community
Marianne Séverin (Science Po Bordeaux)
Paper short abstract:
Conflict is a social phenomenon and can be found everywhere. The Baleng community relies on traditional knowledge system to address conflicts. To this end, it applies the philosophy of peace versus anger, and relies on the power community spiritual forces to avoid and resolve conflicts
Paper long abstract:
Aspiration in peace and stability led the Baleng community to develop methods of normalization with the objective of avoiding or solving especially intra-societal conflicts but also in its relationships with nearby villages. It exists a varied range of dissuasive practices and modes of conflict prevention, the violence being channelled by specific sociopolitical structures and oral or tacit agreements with legal or magico-religious character. The conflict prevention is essentially ensured through proverbs and tales which are mainly transmitted by families. The diplomacy is also the way by which the Baleng Chief tries to prevent conflicts with the nearby villages. When conflicts arise in spite of their prevention, the Baleng community developed well ranked traditional mechanisms of resolution. The conflict in Baleng grouping says itself « a'a tcha'ang » or « ndja'a tcha'ang » or better still « gwo'o mvet » which literally means destroying the anger; overcome the anger; settle dispute; cut the problems; cut through knots; crush; scatter ; scatter then remove the anger, the nervousness, the negative energy, the evil, the disagreement, the hostility, the indifference between people. These mechanisms leave the judgments of people to those of the invisible strengths. This paper explores how theses traditional mechanisms of conflicts prevention and resolution resisted the modernism, which are the current value and which shall be the possible improvements to bring to it?
Uncovering the merits of African approaches to foster democracy, human rights, and conflicts resolutions in Africa