The educational roots of the Anglophone problem in Cameroon, 1961-2017
Nixon Kahjum Takor
(Faculty of Arts-University of Bamenda)
Paper short abstract:
The Anglophone problem in Cameroon emerged from different contentions. The paper examines the role of post-independence governmental educational actions in fashioning a malcontented social narrative which metamorphosed into a political discourse among origins of Anglophone of Cameroon.
Paper long abstract:
Among the domains most affected by the escalation of the current Anglophone crisis in Cameroon, the education sector is very outstanding given the lock-down of several schools since November 2016. This scenario developed after some teachers' trade unions in the two English speaking regions, North West and South West, of Cameroon called an indefinite sit-in strike action to protest against what they claimed was the systematic and sustained erosion and destruction of the English-sub system of education. This system loosely referred to as the Anglo-Saxon educational system was the legacy of formal British rule and educational policy in Cameroon between 1922 and 1961. Although a corporatist remonstration, the move by the teachers' trade unions carried ferments of broader dissenting voices challenging the substance of the political project that led to the reunification of hitherto British Southern Cameroons and (French) Cameroun to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. The paper examines the role of post-independence administrative educational policies and reforms in fashioning a malcontented social narrative in the British bestowed regions of Cameroon. It argues that the long association of the people with British educational philosophy created resistant cultural frontiers which made efforts at educational harmonisation a paranoid take for assimilation. It further contends that government responses to the grievances of the trade unions were cosmetic leaving Anglophones with the feeling that the institutional trappings of 'French-inclined national integration' could not be unfastened. The investigation makes appeal of primary and secondary data and draws conclusions based on qualitative historical analysis.
Disruption and continuity in Cameroon: the Anglophone crisis