Men at parental work in Dakar and Lomé : Are reconfigurations of female roles transforming those of men ?
Charlotte Vampo (CEPED/Université Paris Descartes)
Laure Moguérou (IRD)
Paper short abstract:
Changing roles of women in West African capitals are likely to destabilize gender relations. This communication will focus on the transformations of masculinity, understood as the investments of men in domestic work, care-giving and children education, through the example of Dakar and Lome
Paper long abstract:
LONG : Women in West African capitals are more and more numerous in so-called "modern" jobs in the "formal" sector of the economy, because of their better access to schooling in recent decades. These transformations are likely to destabilize gender relations. On the one hand, professional work is no longer a men privilege. On the other hand, increasing women's access to employment income and their contribution to household income is shaking up the "male breadwinner" model. This communication will focus on the transformations of masculinity, understood here as the investments of men in domestic work, care-giving and children education, through the example of two West African capitals : Dakar and Lome This communication will be based on a cross-analysis of quantitative and qualitative surveys conducted in Dakar and Lome. In Dakar, a quantitative survey, inspired by the one conducted in Lomé in 2010 (on 500 households) was conducted in 2018 among 1,200 households. These surveys include the usual participation of household members in domestic work, current household expenditures and in educational and care-giving work. These data will be mobilized to uncover the division of domestic work within households and the profiles of married men who are currently investing domestic , educational and care-giving work. Therefore, the communication will answer to major questions : • How does fatherhood change (or remain the same) with motherhood shifts ? • How do different family formations and changing economic roles of mothers, influence fatherhood?
Continuities and disruptions in 'doing fatherhood' in Africa