Tanzania Northern Corridor. Crossing the rural-urban divide: new opportunities for farmers and local actors to deal with a global world
Bernard Charlery de la Masseliere
(Université de Toulouse)
François Bart (Université Bordeaux Montaigne)
Rémi Bénos (Champollion National Institute )
Adriana Blache (University of Toulouse)
Paper short abstract:
In the Northern Corridor of Tanzania, the farmers, in the line of survival or to accumulate, try to reconstruct the social and economic links at different levels -regional, national or even international- by speeding up the precarious mobility between multiple territories, between country and town.
Paper long abstract:
In the Northern Corridor of Tanzania, the old agricultural systems, which supported the households' livelihood and determined the forms of rural-urban linkages, are currently "in transition" if not brought to a breakdown. It is the farmers themselves, in the line of survival who try to reconstruct the social and economic links at different levels -regional, national or even international- by speeding up the precarious mobility between multiple territories, between country and town.At the global level, the contemporary neoliberalism has established a new "territorial game" which is economically very competitive and supposes the breakdown of the former system of territorial regulations. At the local level, different blockages lead to the redefinition of the reference areas within which people organize their systems of resources in order to sustain their livelihood, to survive and/or to accumulate. The current situation is very complex and diverse as these new areas are very flexible according to the circumstances, or the opportunities that may open for individuals or collective persons. The former social and geographical categories are not very useful to understand the new dynamics. In the Tanzania Northern Corridor,the main blockages refer to the land problem. To deal with, small and big farmers or investors, etc. have to reconsider the way they will follow to access to, to utilize and/or to allocate the land or the space in general as a resource.
Integration of peasantry into the global market: inconspicuous connections and opportunities on the fringes of large-scale investments