Long-term violence and nation-building processes in Angola: social resilience in rural areas
(Universidade Agostinho Neto)
Paper short abstract:
Colonialism and post-colonialism have in Angolan societies many things in common. One is the creation and, simultaneously, the of social diversities. The paper focuses on this aspect in the perspecgtive of social resilience.
Paper long abstract:
João Milando Long-term violence and nation-building processes in Angola: Social resilience in rural areas Colonialism and post-colonialism have in Angolan societies many things in common. One is the creation of social diversities. The great diversity of ethnic, linguistic, territorial and/or cultural identities in the country is often regarded as a situation which may hinder the political project of constructing a broad social/national identity in Angola. However, locally there are some aspects of this diversity that apparently favor social cohesion and integration processes. Another characteristic of both colonialism and post-colonialism is the negation of the existing diversity followed by efforts to impose cultural "homogeneity". Apparently this denial of diversity also favor social integration and cohesion. Sometimes in a contradictory way, certain situations associated to the post-colonial war contributed apparently to the configuration of cohesive identity dynamics favoring the "nation building" process in Angola. This paper analyses different ways in which post-colonial violence affected "nation building" processes in Angola at the local level. Different dimensions and expressions of social resilience and (in some way) social capital are analyzed in specific social groups of agrarian societies. Special attention is given to forms of sociability and social interaction in these social groups.
Angola in the aftermath of civil war: overcoming the impacts of protracted violence