Rapid transformation of the built environment and its adverse impact on pedestrian movement
(TU Dortmund University)
Paper short abstract:
Transformation of built environment is in most cases related to change in settlement density and pattern of traffic flow. This paper aims to highlight how such kind of transformation in character of built environment affects the pedestrian movement.
Paper long abstract:
Character of built environment and road network are linked to traffic flow and road accidents. Particularly, when the built environment is experiencing drastic transformation process, a careful study and planning of the traffic flow is crucial. In Ethiopia, the construction boom initiated by the government's development program is modifying the built environment of important cities in the country. This development program is among other things aiming at the improvement of supply and quality of infrastructures such as housing and access roads. For instance, in the capital city, i.e. Addis Ababa, vast part of the inner city is being redeveloped. The redevelopment program is replacing single story type of settlements by high rising business and residential neighbourhoods, as well as improving the capacity of road network for fast and active motorised traffic movement. On the other hand, the adverse impact of fast track roads crossing densely settled neighbourhoods is not given enough attention. Hence this paper discusses the problem that the drastic change of the built environment and in particular, the upgrading of road capacity aimed at the motorised mobility is causing. Taking the example of Addis Ababa, the paper indicates the current magnitude of road traffic accidents in Addis Ababa and how this might be complicated under the rapid transformation of the built environment.
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