Secrets as a privilege of governing: the case of QlikView/STATUS in Swedish police
Giorgos Mattes (National & Kapodistrian University of Athens)
Paper short abstract:
In recent years, the collaboration between Swedish police and business analytics company Qlik resulted in the production of the system STATUS at national level. Although the use of Qlikview is not limited to crime analytics, it is predictive analytics that mainly become a matter of public debate.
Paper long abstract:
In recent years, the collaboration between Swedish police and business analytics company Qlik resulted in the production of the measurement and follow-up system STATUS at national level. The environment provided by the use of Qikview platform is appropriate for supporting the decision-making process within the organization at various levels: preventive, operational, administrative, financial, etc. Although its use is not limited to crime analytics, it is predictive analytics what mainly attracts the concern of the press and is a matter of public debate. The critical point in this story called 'predictive policing' is not crime 'prediction' or 'forecast' itself but all those ideals and the processes that prepare and build prediction and make it essential to validate the positive circuit "data-hypothesis-theorem-experiment-verification-induction-hypothesis" within the context of police science. Therefore, the ideals of scientism and technocracy that are embedded in these technologies and the ways in which the Security Forces (eg. police) form the image of effectiveness and neutrality based on these ideals are crucial. Moreover, in addition to Security Forces role to safeguard Law and Order, it is also of great importance to remain safe, away from criticism during the exercise of legal force. Secrets are the privilege to govern; science and technology are full of such. For the purposes of the research, Swedish police officers, platform designers and programmers of the Qlikview platform were interviewed and a qualitative study was conducted on a Qlikview clone with encrypted data.
Predictive policing and the socio-technical government of risk