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Accepted Paper:

Coal mine closures in Sounda: implications of deindustrialization for mono-industry landscapes  
Shazia Imam (Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi)

Short abstract:

This paper delves into the profound impact of deindustrialization on Sounda, a once-thriving coal-based census town in Jharkhand, India. Using in-depth interviews and FGDs with key stakeholders, this paper examines the intricate relationship between deindustrialization and local life.

Long abstract:

This paper delves into the profound impact of deindustrialization on Sounda, a once-thriving coal-based census town in Jharkhand, India. Sounda's trajectory from a bustling economic hub, characterized by coal mining activity and vibrant local communities, to its current decline is a poignant example of the complex consequences of deindustrialization. The closure of all four coal mines in Sounda, driven by economic unviability and resource depletion, has caused a series of unprecedented challenges. The town, closely intertwined with the coal mining industry, now relies on the grim prospect of a single functioning coal siding. This study conducted 25 in-depth interviews and 03 focus group discussions involving diverse local stakeholders, including community members, political representatives, civil workers, and trade union leaders, to understand the complexities of deindustrialization in coal regions. The closures have led to mass migrations, unemployment, business closures, crumbling public infrastructure, and severed connectivity. The landscape is now a remnant of old industrial sites that stirs up memories of its vibrant past.

Nevertheless, communities are finding innovative ways to reconnect with the natural ecology amidst deindustrialization. Abandoned mining pits have become opportunities for fish culture, demonstrating some resilience in the face of industrial decline. This paper explores the multifaceted effects of deindustrialization in coal regions, unveiling the intricate relationship between industrial decline and local life. Additionally, it provides insights for future transitions away from coal, informing us on the impacts and navigating the challenges of deindustrialization.

Traditional Open Panel P255
Making and doing industrial decarbonisation: firms, employees and the world beyond the factory fence.
  Session 1