Click the star to add/remove an item to/from your individual schedule.
You need to be logged in to avail of this functionality.

Accepted Contribution:

Knowing weather, strengthening livelihoods the role of Indigenous knowledge weather forecasting in fishing communities incoastal Tanzania  
Fasco Chengula (University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.)

Short abstract:

This paper employed ethnographic techniques' to explore how fishers’ Local Knowledge Systems of weather forecasting empower decision- making in the diverse and complex fishing livelihoods of Mafia Island amidst dwindling uptake and reliability of conventional state provided weather forecasts

Long abstract:

Weather and climate forecasting is an essential feature of our quest to become a resilient society against extreme weather events that threaten the lives and livelihoods of marginalized peoples. Despite advances in weather forecasting technology, the uptake and reliability of weather forecasts is still low in Tanzania. However, there is a growing recognition of the role of local knowledge systems (LKS) of weather forecasting in managing weather and climate-related risks and in strengthening rural livelihoods in developing countries. This paper employed ethnography as a methodological and theoretical framework to explore how fishers’ LKS of weather forecasting empower decision- making in the diverse and complex fishing livelihoods of Mafia Island Tanzania.

Knowledge of weather prediction appeared to exist in a hierarchy among fishers and is intertwined with the

Islamic lunar calendar, Indian ocean monsoon seasonality, and the social-cultural and geographical contexts of the island. Recently, climate change has made weather more unpredictable for fishers, creating a greater need for reliable weather information, but the state provided forecast does not meet this need.

The paper address some theoretical issues in the anthropology of weather and LKS and the tensions between traditional and conventional weather forecasting, and its implication on fishing livelihoods. Whilst the mismatch between LKS and conventional systems suggests that they should coexist complementarily, the increasing dominance of state of sponsored conventional weather forecasts is devaluing LKS and threatening its inter-generational transmission as well as its incorporation into the value chain of weather and climate services in Tanzania.

Combined Format Open Panel P380
Knowledges of ecology and ecologies of knowledge
  Session 1 Thursday 18 July, 2024, -