The illusion of coffee development: who is getting the profit from agrarian capitalism in China?
(Yunnan Agriculture University)
Ching Lin Pang (University of Antwerp)
Priscilla Van Even (KU Leuven)
Paper short abstract:
This paper discusses the agrarian capitalism through an ethnographic research of a coffee village in China. Dragon-head enterprises and governmental projects influenced, but peasants cannot get profit from coffee plantation.
Paper long abstract:
China is a traditional agrarian country. Since1980s', The peasant economy graduates away and the rise of capitalism influences rural China. In 2004, the No.1 announcement of central government pointed out that dragon enterprise (longtou qiye) are encouraged for improving peasants' income. In 2013. The No.1 announcement of central government pointed out that government will encourage commercial enterprises to do business in rural China and develop agricultural industries and support the leading capital to the rural China (ziben xiaxiang) .Some scholars argue that the agricultural modernization and capital to the rural China could improve agricultural production and peasants could adapt to the market(An'gang Hu& Qungang wu,2001). The capital to the rural China is controlled by government in the form of governmental projects and invests, peasants sometimes cannot get equal profits from the capitalism (Haujuan Wang, 2015) . Some scholars argue that China should keep small-scale peasant economy, peasants cannot face to fluctuating change of fast modernization and they will lost land right. ( Yongjun An,2018) This paper will zoom in the capital to the rural China policy(ziben xiaxiang), and take the case of coffee plantation renaissance in Zhukula; a remote village in the southwestern China, Yunnan. Central and local government supported Zhukula peasants to plant coffee trees and develop coffee tourism because zhukula has the longest coffee plantation history in China. The infrustrctures of Zhukula are indeed improve. But the peansants cannot get the profit from the projects.
Mobilizing materiality: theorizing the relationship between finance and infrastructure development