Hospitality, new identity nationalism and ethnicity negotiation in anti-migrant movements in Italy
(University of Foggia)
Paper short abstract:
Starting from the analysis of the conflict between pro and anti immigrants movements, the paper aims to explore the Italian new forms of ethnicity included in the rhetoric on identity nationalism produced since the "diferentialis inclusion" of migrants.
Paper long abstract:
Nowaday international migration regime characterized by war, by European policies of rebordering and refoulement, by economic crisis, by resurgence of nationalism, has transformed Italy from "transit land" to "imprisonment land". The emergence of a new Identity nationalism produced by protest movements headed by right parties redesign a new idea of ethnicity linked with both economic crisis and to the so-called European refugees crisis. Therefore, the ethnic dimension of new nationalism is negotiated and renegotiated start from the process of migrant inclusion and exclusion. In fact, the social conflict are specially expressed into identity nationalism rhetoric linked with movements of anti-migrant protests. In Italy, protesting against the spontaneous settlements of migrants in big and small cities and protests objected the national deployment plans of displaced in transit migrants into local communities produce an increase of violence against immigrants. At the same time, have arisen a "local movements" engaged in the reception of migrants and in the contrast to the decisions of the government on the militarization of the city and the governance of migration. Starting from the analysis of the conflict between pro and anti immigrants movements, the paper aims to explore the Italian new forms of ethnicity included in the rhetoric on identity nationalism produced since the "diferentialis inclusion" of migrants. Finally, the paper would reflect on the process of negotiation, contestation and renegotiation of ethnicity dimension of nationalism in a situation of great social turbulence where fear and the demand for security undermine the forms of democracy.
Hospitality and its reverse: migration and xenophobia in Southern Europe and beyond [MedNet Mediterraneanist Network]