Migrant enclaves and Industrial Districts: a complex interaction
Jose Luis Molina (Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)
Paper short abstract:
By focusing on the case of the ceramic Industrial District (ID) of Castelló (Spain), we show how this ID influenced the emergence of a Romanian migrant enclave with a particular mode of emplacement. Such emergence should be interpreted taking into account the international organization of value.
Paper long abstract:
So far, the relationship between Industrial Districts (IDs; clusters of interconnected local industries) and migrant enclaves (areas with a high concentration of international migrants from a single nationality) has been studied mostly by focusing on the emergence of "ethnic enclave economies"? within the district and/or by highlighting racist conflicts that achieved notoriety in the media. In this study, we contend that there is a more general and complex interaction between the two phenomena. This interaction is mediated by the local context, national regulations, and the organization of the international market, among other factors. By focusing on the case of the ceramic ID of Castelló de la Plana (Spain), we show how this ID with a high rate of job formality, combined with other job opportunities and a unique ?institutional completeness?, set up the conditions for a non-conflictive Romanian migrant enclave that reached 14% of the town?s total population in 2012. Finally, and also considering another case study of ID and migrant enclave (Prato, and its Chinese enclave), we suggest a model of interaction that should be interpreted taking into account the general dynamics of the international organization of value and the requirements of flexibility and reduction of costs that frame IDs.
Rearticulating labour: staying, moving, and mobilizing along global commodity chains