Gender and extremism in Greek society: the case of Golden Dawn and the role of women
Alexandros Sakellariou (Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences of Athens)
Paper short abstract:
This article focuses on the place and role of women in Golden Dawn, the Greek neo-Nazi political party, both in the party’s organisation and ideology.
Paper long abstract:
Fascist movements of all kinds in Europe have passionately supported that the place of woman is primarily at home and restricted within the family having as her main goal the upbringing of children. For the extreme-right gender is only a biological element, given by nature and not a social and cultural construction. According to such views, gender has nothing to do with social roles and social categories, but belongs to the sphere of the natural or /and the divine order of the world. In this 'new order', extreme-right movements want to establish, the family is considered as society's most important cell. In this perspective, women are called to be committed as mothers and wives, being excluded that way from the public sphere and from higher offices. Having the above in mind in this article we are going to study the place and role of women in Golden Dawn (GD), the Greek neo-Nazi political party. The principal questions that this article will address are: Which is the place of women within the party organisation? Do they participate in the party's activities and of what kind? What is the place of women in Golden Dawn's ideology and which is the role Golden Dawn reserves for women in society? In a sense what we are going to examine is on the one hand the place of women within the party organisation, but also GD's views and ideological background about the role of women in society.
Gender, far-right, and political radicalization