Author:Helene Risør (Universidad Católica de Chile/Copenhagen University)
Paper short abstract:
The paper analyses the collaboration of non-mapuche in the reds of solidarity with the Mapuche movement as a form of interculturality. The paper suggests considering interculturality as radical experiences of difference and transformation in the relation ethnicity, class and territory.
Paper long abstract:
In the paper I explore the forms of interculturality that might emerge from the collaboration of non-mapuche (Chileans) in the reds of solidarity with the Mapuche movement in Santiago, Chile. These collaborations and expressions of solidarity take place in a context of criminalization of the mapuche movement and state terrorism carried out against mapuche communities in resistance and on those who collaborate with the communities. The ethnography elucidates how the non-mapuche collaborators experience being othered and defined as "huinca" [pejorative term for foreigner] by their fellow Mapuche collaborators as a conflict ridden transformation of their subjectivity and their relation to the Chilean nation state.
It is argued that the collaboration is enacted and tensed as the non-mapuche and mapuche collaborators seek to navigate configurations of ethnicity, class and territoriality. These configurations are alternatively perceived as fix boundaries (i.e. mapuche - non-mapuches; poors and non-poors; Santiago - reclaimed Mapuche territories in Southern Chile) and as processes of transformation. Hence the paper suggests considering interculturality as radical experiences of difference and transformation in the relation between any of these three configurations.
Radical collaborations: a relational approach to social transformation