Paper short abstract:
From a materialist perspective, I will stress the fact that in nationalist and homonationalist rhetoric about sexual rights, equality far from being a mere abstract ideal, is in fact a hegemonic apparatus of the neoliberal capitalist society.
Paper long abstract:
The homonationalist policies of the gay and lesbian mainstream groups,
of right wing political parties, or of the state in France, are often
mistaken as the result of an instrumentalization of GLB demands for
equal rights for racist or nationalist purposes. But this idea of
misappropriation is essentially based on an abstract and unproblematic
conception of equality.
In this communication, I would suggest an analysis from a Gramscian and
a materialist point of view. From an ethnographical perspective, I will
stress the fact that equality far from being a mere abstract ideal, is
in fact an hegemonic apparatus that is materialized both in civil
society (eg. demands for sexual equality), in political society (eg.
french rethoric discourses on equality) and in the economic world (eg.
demands for gender parity in wages), dialectically constituted. The
nationalist rethoric over sexual equal rights could therefore be
analyzed not only as the result of a political identity or a cultural
policy of inclusion in citizenship and in the body of the nation for
homonormative subjects (Puar 2007), but as the result of a particular
social and historical dynamics. If one knows, like Gramsci shows it to
us, that hegemony is a historical process that takes place and is
reproduced in the dialectical relationship between the economic world,
(the material social relations), the politics, and the culture, we could
analyze equality, and policies that claim for it, as a crucial element
of a contemporary neoliberal hegemony's redefinition in the capitalist
Same-sex sexualities and ethnic minorities in Europe (Network for the Anthropology of Gender and Sexuality and the European Network for Queer Anthropology)