Paper short abstract:
The paper recounts the transition that relatively acephalous local structures underwent upon entering into contact with the Spanish colonial goverment.
Paper long abstract:
The paper recounts the transition that relatively acephalous local structures underwent upon entering into contact with the Spanish colonial government. The transfer of power that occurred between the 19th and 20th century is an example of what happened to numerous peoples in sub-Saharan Africa. The centralization of dispersed chieftaincies, the formation of monarchies or incipient states, and, finally, the transfer of power to colonial political institutions have been continuous features in the construction of nation-states created after the independence of the African colonies. In my case study I will examine how among the Bubis of Bioko´s Island this process unfolded in a short phase, but very intensively: a centralized chieftaincy was shaped, culminating in the formation of a kingdom. This period ran parallel to the advance of the colonial powers. Immediately after this apogee of local leadership, the two processes - local centralization and colonization - intersected. Bubi political autonomy was lost during the period when colonial expansion accelerated.
Colonial crisis and cross-cultural encounters: Reconfigurations of the social in historical perspective