Accepted Paper:

has pdf download Social upheavals and relative deprivation: the 'Great Awakening' in late 19th century Caribbean Nicaragua  
Wolfgang Gabbert (Leibniz Universit├Ąt Hannover)

Paper short abstract:

Starting from a discussion of theoretical and conceptual approaches to revitalization and millenarianism the present article discusses a religious salvation movement on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast in 1881/1882.

Paper long abstract:

Starting from a discussion of theoretical and conceptual approaches to revitalization and millenarianism the present article discusses a religious salvation movement which spread among Miskitu Indians and Afroamericans on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast in 1881/1882. Although massive social change induced by Missionary work and the spread of the money economy provided a common background it is shown that the movement had different causes with the two groups. Whereas the movement can be interpreted as a reaction to the growing social differentiation within the Afroamerican population and the discrimination of lower class culture it has to be seen as an attempt to overcome a deep social as well as cultural crisis by the Miskitu Indians.

Panel W022
Colonial crisis and cross-cultural encounters: Reconfigurations of the social in historical perspective