Alternative migration trajectories and inclusive growth in Africa: a conceptual framework and evidence from 'expatriates' and 'repatriates' in Nigeria
Dinar Kale (The Open University)
Ben Lampert (The Open University)
Craig Walker (The Open University)
Paper short abstract:
This paper responds to a key gap in migration and development debates by offering a conceptual framework for examining flow of migration within and to the Global South and their impact on inclusive growth, drawing on examples of 'North-South' and 'South-South' migration to Nigeria.
Paper long abstract:
This paper responds to a key gap in migration and development debates by offering a conceptual framework for examining the flow of migration within, and to, the Global South and their impact on inclusive growth. The framework draws together two emerging ideas within the inclusive growth literature. The first is an increasing recognition that growth should not be equated exclusively in function of measureable outcomes but, also, requires an appreciation of how it happens in practice. Emphasis is placed on the role of people as active agents to understand the ways in which they act on and influence growth - in essence, appreciating the process of growth. Second is a concern with the spatial dimension of inclusive growth and, specifically, the issue of relationality. To date, there has been little attempt to develop a conceptualisation that looks to the interaction and interdependencies across levels or different units of analysis. Our research starts from the premise that migrants acquire tacit knowledge, in host countries that are then 'transferred' to 'home' countries through temporary or permanent return. Drawing on empirical evidence of experiences of tacit knowledge exchange of North-South' and 'South-South' migration to Nigeria, processing tracing is used to examine transfers between migrants and a range of individuals at various stages in their migration journey. Through this process, we look at how these knowledge exchanges relate to different units of analysis typically used to analyse growth from migration and, in so doing, show the interconnectedness of migration and inclusive growth across levels.
- Mobilities, Migration and Development