Action of women in climate change adaptation
Hellen Githogori (Moi University)
Paper short abstract:
Women in rural areas depend on livelihoods that are constantly under threat to changes in climate.However,they have been recognized as positive change agents who can be utilized in the adaptation of climate change thus enabling them to reduce vulnerability through autonomous adaptation strategies.
Paper long abstract:
The study was based on the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework. A descriptive survey research design was utilized and the target population was 192 women groups that are active in Kwale County, each with an average of 10 members.The data collection instruments were structured questionnaires. Data was analyzed using the measures of frequency, percentages, mean and standard deviation. Correlation analysis was also done to determine the strength and direction of the relationship between the effects of climate change and the livelihood outcomes.Despite, the fact that climatic changes were to a great extent negatively affecting the women's livelihood assets in agriculture, food security, water resources, energy resources and health.The women were implementing various adaptation strategies with the most frequent being diversification into non-farm activities.However,their adaptation capacity was challenged by various the barriers. The findings indicated that there was a significant moderate negative correlation between the effects of climate change and the livelihood outcomes at 5%. Even with the onset of the negative effects of these changes on their livelihood assets, there was a positive shift to other sources of livelihoods albeit as short term interventions because of existing barriers. The study recommended that the government and other intervening institutions should consider the existing autonomous strategies that are being used and built on them to enhance the resilience of the women thereby enhancing their potential as central agents in the process of climate change adaptation.
- Acting on Climate change and the environment