The impacts of hosting Syrian refugees on the economies of Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan
Aysegul Nalcaci Cenker (Marmara University)
Paper short abstract:
The study explores the impacts of the inflow of Syrian refugees on the economies of Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan respectively. Data regarding employment rates and inflation in these countries are examined for the analysis. The study also includes policy differences among the countries.
Paper long abstract:
Civil War in Syria, which has created the largest refugee crisis of the latest times, has displaced 12 million people, almost five million of them now live in neighbor countries, Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan. 3.4 million Syrian refugees make Turkey the largest refugee-hosting country worldwide. Lebanon hosts 1.1 million Syrians who are almost 20 percent of the population. 660 thousand refugees have settled in Jordan. The mass exodus of millions gives rise to new researches, which studies the relationship between large-scale migration and economy of the host countries. The objective of this paper is discussing the impact of Syrian refugees on the economies of Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan respectively. It questions whether the refugees have had any effects on employment rates, prices and housing rents. The study also compares the costs and benefits of each countries for the refugees, who look for a job, by analyzing policies and specifics of Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan. Addition to the first aim of this study, which is indicating the impact of the refugee crisis on economy in three countries, the labor market policies for the refugees will be discussed in order to figure out the perspective of the refugee side. The ultimate goal of study is to provide the recommendations for policy makers.
- Mobilities, Migration and Development