Can vocational training turn the youth migration tide from Africa?
Kalyango Sebba (Makerere University)
Paper short abstract:
This paper examines the relationship between the problem of youth unemployment and irregular migration in the horn of Africa. The Ugandan case study shows how vocational training informs youth mobility and choice of destination and why it remains vital in stemming out-migration from the region.
Paper long abstract:
This paper draws on research carried out to examine the relationship between the problem of youth unemployment and irregular migration in the horn of Africa. Overall objective of the research is to improve understanding of the actual and potential links between development interventions and changes in migrations and conflict dynamics. Based on a cross-sectional study using both qualitative and quantitative methods, data was collected through in-depth interviews, structured, semi-structured interviews, and focus group discussions. Preliminary indicate findings of this study, based on the Ugandan case study, show how vocational training informs youth mobility and choice of destination. Vocational training not only improves the range of opportunities available to young people but also informs their mobility pattern, that is, within or outside the country. The driver of mobility changes from apathy and just trying ones luck to informed choice based on available opportunities. The intervention logic (or theory of change) is that by improving the range of opportunities in the local area both young people are more likely to choose to stay rather than emigrate and those who may be returning to the area - whether demobilized soldiers, returning refugees and IDPs, or those deported from other countries - are more likely to resettle successfully.
- Transnational political economies of development