Author:Eswarappa Kasi (Indira Gandhi National Tribal University)
Paper short abstract:
In the paper an attempt is made to explain anthropological correlates of ethnography. By using empirical methods, the paper suggests that holistic understanding of the deprivation of marginal communities is necessary in order to draw the conclusions.
Paper long abstract:
The concepts of Deprivation, Poverty and Development have many meanings in contemporary globalised societies. Deprivation is seen in terms of low levels of living standards, livelihoods and lack of resources, assets, and liabilities. Poverty is seen in also seen in terms of total lacking of resources and assets. Development by definition implies desired changes in means of livelihood, improved quality of life and better access to assets and services, etc. However in reality development programmes sometimes have negative consequences, perhaps unintended, multiplying the acute scarcity of resources and opportunities, or reproducing poverty or deprivation. Also, the consequences of developmental programmes often appear to be out of focus, and seen at the ground level, there seems to be a gap between what is intended and what is actualized.
In this framework, the present paper presents a case study of the social, cultural and economic correlates of the development processes in Adadakulapalle, a settlement of Sugali peoples, once a nomadic tribe, in Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh, South India. The paper shows how factionalism and faction politics affects the implementation of development interventions. It also explains the poverty and deprivation in the settlement and also focuses on the type of change that they have experienced with the implementation of different schemes by both government and other agencies. Change is perceived in the present study by using the macro and micro analysis of development programmes of the different agencies.
Anthropological fieldworks: moving from the centre to the periphery [IUAES Commission on Marginalization and Global Apartheid in collaboration with WCAA]