Accepted Paper:

Development, marginalization and social movements: a study of Odisha, India  


Iswar Chandra Naik (KIIT University )

Paper Short Abstract:

The failure of the developmental model, many people’s movements have emerged for evolving strategies. However, the development, marginalization and people’s movements in Odisha has been the subject of debates and discussions, both at national and international level.

Paper long abstract:

The present developmental process has failed to end the deprivation faced by marginalized communities in Odisha. In fact it has contributed to the social reproduction of marginalization. This has far reaching consequences for the people who are still dependent on nature for their survival. In India, due to its peculiar socio-historical conditions, the over-utilization of natural resources proves beneficial only to a small group of people. The developmental goals are fulfilled by diverting the resources away from the survival needs of the majority. In every society there are some sections of people who are deprived of socio-economic opportunities for their sustenance and are victims of social, cultural and political exclusion. In Odisha the marginalized communities are rural poor, scheduled tribes and scheduled castes, manual workers in unorganized sector, women, physically challenge, etc. The marginalized communities have been excluded from the development process of Odisha.

This study argue that the present model of development paradigm in Odisha is practically marginalized the tribal and dalit people in the name of economic growth and depriving their traditional means of livelihood by establishing mineral-based industries and construction of big dams in the tribal areas of Odisha. In the name of industrialization and the country's economic development, the Bhadralok capitalists in Odisha are taking over the life and livelihood of the tribal people and pushing them into a further impoverished which displacing them from their land and homes, losing their culture and identities.

Panel LL-AS03
Ecological refugees: movements of people from marginalized regions due to environmental problems [Commission for Marginalization and Global Apartheid and Commission for Anthropology and Environment)