Author:Gaëlle Lacaze (Sorbonne Université)
Paper short abstract:
My paper analyses two consequences of the post-socialist changes since the 90's: explosion of alcoholism and the brain drain of women. In Mongolian traditions related to nomadic way of life, the contemporary demographic changes have opened new circulatory roads and international migrations.
Paper long abstract:
Since 1990, in Mongolia, the explosion of alcoholism affected mostly men than women. It belongs to the models of manliness, which knew an hyperinflation during the liberalization process of the last decades. Alcoholism also tends to increase gendered violence and explains the increase of divorces and single young. While partaking in social cohesion disruption, it plays a crucial role in nowadays women's emancipation process, occurring through sexual revolution, used as a tool for economic and social empowerment. Sexuality thus became the field of expression of sexual classes' domination relationships. Sexuality also tends to become a migratory tool for number of women, who use it for integrating globalized world. Indeed, many women take their future into their own hands while marrying with a foreigner and migrating in richer country.
Cultures of mobility in Inner Asia