Migration and morality
Pauline Gardiner Barber
Paper short abstract:
Drawing upon Philippine ethnography, this paper examines how Canada produces new citizens. Questions of migration and morality arise from Canada’s “just-in-time” immigration priorities. Temporal dissonance and precarious citizenship occur regarding past, present, and future potentialities.
Paper long abstract:
Citizenship confers (and denies) bundles of rights even in liberal democracies where rights are theoretically universalized. Neoliberal citizenship policies valorize individual autonomy and market initiatives while eschewing state social programming. Canada, one of the few truly immigration-dependent countries has undergone radical restructuring of its immigration program in accord with neoliberal precepts, particularly with regards to neoliberalism's temporal priorities for labor and capital. This paper examines the neoliberal underpinnings of Canada's restructured immigration program relative to the production of new citizens. Drawing from the ethnographic example of the Philippines, Canada's current top source country for permanent and temporary migrants, questions of migration and morality will be articulated. Particular emphasis will be accorded: i) the transnational refractions of Canada's "just-in-time" priorities read against the history of Philippine neoliberal labor export; ii) how neoliberalism creates temporal dissonance with regards to past, present, and future potentialities and, iii) migrants' precariousness of citizenship ambition in both countries.
The moral economy of citizenship in late liberalism