SIEF2017 13th Congress: Göttingen, Germany
26-30 March 2017

(Post01)
POSTERS: Ways of Dwelling: Crisis - Craft - Creativity
Location ZHG building hallway (in front of rooms 001-007)
Date and Start Time [TBD] at [TBD]
Sessions 0

Convenors

  • Regina F. Bendix (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen) email
  • Dorothee Hemme (Göttingen University) email
  • Julia Fleischhack (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen) email
  • Nadine Wagener-Böck (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen) email

Mail All Convenors

Chair Dorothee Hemme, Julia Fleischhack, Nadine Wagener-Böck, Julian Warner

Short Abstract

The poster session invites students and scholars to present their ongoing research projects and/or results centered on the congress theme of "Ways of Dwelling: Crisis - Craft - Creativity." The questions addressed, their theoretical implications and/or practical goals can be represented in visually appealing and conclusive posters.

Long Abstract

The congress theme "Ways of Dwelling: Crisis - Craft - Creativity" is ideally suited for the visual dimensions of posters which the organisers plan to showcase prominently, including a 'people's choice' award for the best poster and for the most creative poster. The poster session invites students and scholars to present their ongoing research projects and/or results centred on the congress theme. The questions addressed, their theoretical implications and/or practical goals can be represented in visually appealing and conclusive posters.

Posters can be easily created using power point or other programs such as InDesign, guides and examples abound online. If in doubt, less words and more visuals are the way to go (keep the word count as low as 800 (or less!) words to achieve best readability. The focus should lie on the visualisation of the presented work and its results. The posters should be no larger than A1.

Contributors of posters will be present during the posters's display times (to be announced in the program). That will be the moment when you get to supply all the words orally that you cut out of the presentation!

This panel is closed to new paper proposals.

Papers

Dwelling in the city: urban allotment gardening in England

Author: Kathryn Wood  email

Short Abstract

This poster studies allotment gardening in the UK as an urban dwelling activity. It studies improvisational construction and tool-making, organic gardening, and social norms and sharing. Institutional threats, especially land-use changes and housing pressure, are also discussed.

Long Abstract

This poster explores the unique practice of British allotment gardening, a community-based land use practice, and reflects on its role as a dwelling activity. Allotment gardening in Great Britain is historically a subsistence activity, introduced as a way to allow violently urbanized workers to supplement their food supplies following enclosure and industrialization. Today, allotment gardeners have a complex view of the practice as an emotional, social, and even quasi-religious means of engaging with the land in addition to its subsistence role. Allotments are now under threat, as land-use conflicts and changing government priorities make the previously marginal 'waste ground' given over to allotments valuable resources. Thus, the practice of allotment gardening as an urban dwelling activity is time-bound and constantly changing, and must be understood in a particular time and place. This poster explores views of allotment gardening from a dwelling and making perspective. It examines the activities and perceptions of allotment gardeners and the role of the allotment garden as an urban place. Key aspects of British allotment gardening practice examined include improvisational construction and tool-making, organic gardening practices, and social interaction and sharing. These practices contribute to the formation of the allotment garden as a unique place in which members create and construct a physical and social environment.

Urbanity in (cities like) Wels und Hildesheim: urban transformations in cities "off the map"

Authors: Georg Wolfmayr (Department of European Ethnology, University of Vienna)  email
Brigitta Schmidt-Lauber (Institut für Europäische Ethnologie Universität Wien)  email

Short Abstract

The research project investigates daily life in two cities "off the map": Wels in Upper Austria and Hildesheim in Lower Saxony. We examine how place and scale are produced by local residents and different institutional actors like city government, city marketing, entrepreneurs etc.

Long Abstract

The poster presents the research project "Middletown Urbanities. Ethnographic urban study in Wels and Hildesheim", which is situated at the Department of European Ethnology at the University of Vienna. The goal of the research project is the ethnographic study of two cities "off the map" (Jennifer Robinson), which are not part of urban theorizing and urban discourse and are thought of being less urban and displaying a deficient urbanity. While it is often urban transformations in global and world cities in Europe like London, Paris, Berlin or Vienna which are in the center of scientific, political and social attention, many urban realities "below" these metropolises are neglected though most of the people in Europe live in small and medium-sized cities. Focusing on the daily life and pursuits of the people who live in these cities one case study each in Wels in Upper Austria (a stigmatized small city) and Hildesheim in Lower Saxony (a small city with much cultural capital) will provide essential insights into everyday practices and modes of experience in these cities beyond the big metropolises. Daily life in Wels and Hildesheim is investigated with regard to the cities' symbolic-material positions in relation to other cities (scale). We examine how these relations and positions are produced by different institutional actors like city government, city marketing, entrepreneurs etc. as well as how these transformations are enacted and experienced by local residents (doing scale).

Bike explorations on Zurich's cycling culture

Authors: Yonca Krahn (Universität Zürich)  email
Bernhard Tschofen (University of Zurich)  email

Short Abstract

Cycling in Zurich, the bike is not only an object used in every day life, it is related to diverse lifestyles and self-understandings as well as a vehicle of new urbanity. The student project explores diverse user generated practices of bikes in their often contradictory connotation.

Long Abstract

At first sight, the hilly character of Zurich, Switzerland's indeed largest city but with narrow streets, tram tracks and cold winters does not make it most obvious that bikes are actually omnipresent objects of the cities inhabitants. A Master student research project of the University of Zurich explored deeper insight into the diverse and ambivalent scenes of cycling culture. The resulting picture suggests that bikes are used not only for the physical practice of cycling, but function as objects of integration, self-empowerment, political gimmick and discourse of divers savour. A selection of field insights shows different places and scenes where bikes are personalised and used, presents styles and tactics of usage practices, and discusses politics and differences on the bicycle. How do migration projects relate to bike rentals? Which paths are mental constructions of cities from bike messengers? What is the nowadays situation of an old cycling track in a former suburb? Does knowledge transmitted from childhood on, by friends, or social media influence DIY repairing of bikes? Why does the bike allow women migrants much more than just learning how to cycle? And which foundations are taught in children bike courses and the thematisation of safety? That biking is more than a mode of transportation, this corrective insight is given by the ethnographic approach on cycling cultures in the city of Zurich.

Puzzling homes: narrating European crisis and future heritage

Authors: Jonas Tinius (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin)  email
Anna Szöke (Humboldt-Universität)  email
Tal Adler (Humboldt University Berlin)  email

Short Abstract

Focusing on ethnographic research and collaborations with artistic projects that seek to craft new forms of shared living and ideas of dwelling, the style of this contribution echoes the complexity of what we call puzzling homes.

Long Abstract

Europe is in a moment of conflict and self-questioning, both from within (Brexit) and from without ("refugee crisis"). New nationalisms and new citizens seem to clash over questions of what Europe is and what it will be. In this process, European citizenship and identity is negotiating its past and its future. Its heritage is being contested and redefined. For some it is being enriched as a consequence, for others it is threatened. This contested process is as much about questions of self and other, sameness and difference, as it is about the possibilities of creating and sharing notions of home across nations and borders. 

    This poster reflects on anthropological and artistic research done in the interlinked European project TRACES and the Centre for Anthropological Research on Museums and Heritage (CARMaH) that seek to find new ways of narrating and transmitting Europe's contested past and its future heritage. Focusing on ethnographic research and collaborations with artistic projects that seek to craft new forms of shared living and ideas of dwelling, the style of this contribution echoes the complexity of what we call puzzling homes.

On the hospitality of Austrian tourism establishments towards asylum seekers: Gasthof Lazarus in Horitschon

Authors: Johannes Pointl  email
Nina Valerie Kolowratnik (TU Wien)  email

Short Abstract

This poster illustrates the challenges faced by hosts and guests of asylum accommodations in former tourism establishments and the fact that there are no legally determined minimum spatial standards for the accommodation of asylum seekers in Austria using the case study of Gasthaus Lazarus in Horitschon.

Long Abstract

This poster illustrates the challenges faced by hosts and guests of asylum accommodations in former tourism establishments and the fact that there are no legally determined minimum spatial standards for the accommodation of asylum seekers in Austria.

The illustrated example of the local pub and former bed and breakfast "Gasthof Lazarus" in the village of Horitschon and in eight kilometers distance to the Hungarian border, is a typical case for the small-scale tourism infrastructure of Austria and the practice of incremental investment in the built structure of a guest business starting in the 1950s. The first asylum seekers moved into the former bed and breakfast in the 1980s after an unsuccessful attempt of hosting mass tourism.

The spatial product of the absurd numbers of additions to the existing building resulted in a series of rooms and corridors without daylight and with very limited usability. This spaces are mostly vacant and only temporarily used as storage space or discotheque and not accessible to asylum seekers. In contrast to the abundance of not usable spaces stand the confined sleeping rooms for asylum seekers and the absence of common spaces within the accommodation.

The spatial mappings have been produced in the framework of the teaching and research project Fluchtraum Österreich at the architecture faculty of the Vienna University of Technology. See www fluchtraum.at

Along this poster we submitted a paper that elaborates on the topics illustrated on the poster for the panel "Problematizing asylum seeker and refugee accommodation: dwelling, housing, shelving?".

Everyday life crisis: technology and space

Author: Mariya Slavcheva (Plovdiv University)  email

Short Abstract

By emphasizing on the link between technology, techniques, and space I will outline how visually impaired people are trained and how they are dwelling with the environment, both social and physical.

Long Abstract

Visually impaired people have special attitude toward environment, which surrounds them, and having such difficulties naturally refers to a crisis in the everyday life. This entangles the need of inventing patterns for coping with it. These persons are obliged to better know the environment so they could orientate physically in the space. On the other hand, they must be trained in a particular way, for the same reasons. Therefore, the need for developing and testing various bodily techniques are entailed. Examples of those are the white cane or holding hands in a particular way while walking next to a wall. Together with the techniques and need denoted the desire for new technologies is evoked in order to facilitate these people. Such technologies are the GPS systems which facilitate movement in urban environment, electronic readers, which reproduce orally written text, screen modes, and alike. By this poster presentation I will narrow the attention on the link between technologies, techniques, and space using visual data. Thus, they represent the use of technologies in training people who have partially lost their sight in a later stage of their life. On the applied perspective, talking of and researching on these problems could improve visually impaired persons' life and help their friends and relatives. On a scientific perspective, it could add new aspect in coping with crisis in everyday life, moreover it opens new fields for problematizing the connection between notions of technologies, technique and space, referring to the aforementioned circle of people.

Between slumming and collaboration: paradoxes of picturing minorized city dwellers in contemporary art

Author: Judith Laister (University of Graz)  email

Short Abstract

Based on significant cases and referring to the “critique of representation”, the paper discusses the paradoxes of picturing minorized city dwellers – both in art and anthropology.

Long Abstract

Since the 1990s, the representation of minorized city dwellers has become popular in the field of art. Although the aesthetic interest in picturing urban poverty traces back to the 19th century, new concepts and modes have been developed in recent times. They range from strategies of visualized acknowledgment (Johanna Schaffer) to the idea of “reverse participation” (Peter Arlt) up to the claim for radical collaborations serving emancipation and empowerment (Kristina Leko). Based on significant cases and referring to the “critique of representation”, the paper analyzes modes and paradoxes of visualizing minorized city dwellers in the field of art. In order to cope with the multilayered entanglements of such artistic projects with broader transurban processes, a side glance to comparable efforts in the field of urban anthropology is provided.

New townscape: contrasting perspectives on the uses of historical design and reframing of identity

Author: Vilhelmina Jonsdottir (University of Iceland)  email

Short Abstract

The poster illustrates and analyses different perspectives on plans for constructing a new centre in a small town in southern Iceland. The plan includes a cluster of thirty reconstructed buildings from around Iceland that all have been demolished or destroyed at some stage.

Long Abstract

The poster presents an ongoing research project addressing a case of a controversial plan for a new "historical" town centre in Selfoss, a small municipality in southern Iceland. The proposed plan includes a cluster of some thirty buildings, all recreations of older wooden structures in Iceland, recognised as significant for the country's architectural history. All of the buildings in the proposal have in common that they have at some stage been destroyed, either by fire or demolition. As they were originally located in various parts of Iceland, only a few structures stem from the town of Selfoss itself, which is generally considered highly modern in terms of the built environment. The proposed recreations date from various periods, and are accordingly varied in design and style.

Based on in-depth interviews with stakeholders, municipal authorities and locals the project interrogates different perspectives voiced in the debates focusing on conceptualizations of cultural heritage, authenticity and architectural tradition. The poster will centre around analysis of contrasting perspectives, particular to the case, on the use of historical designs in creating a new townscape aimed at effecting a sense of pastness for the benefit of the local population, business and tourism and aimed at reframing local identity. The case will be placed in the context of other controversial plans for historical recreations of the built landscape from Iceland and beyond.

Urban festivals as contact zones: the "Wave Gotic Treffen" in Leipzig

Author: Markus Tauschek (Institut für Kulturanthropologie und Europ. Ethnologie)  email

Short Abstract

Urban festivals are specific popular events of social interaction. Focussing on the most renowned festival of the gothic scene - the "Wave Gotic Treffen" in Leipzig - this poster presents a new project focussing the question which actors create, negotiate and perform festive spaces in the city.

Long Abstract

Every year, more than 20.000 gothics meet in Leipzig in order to celebrate their belonging to a specific social network. At first glance, within the Leipzig festival a coherent group of actors seems to stabilize a specific scene, that from a cultural anthropological perspective is all but homogeneous. Different political attitudes meet different esthetic stiles, different music preferences meet highly differentiated popular formats of amusement. And very different actors such as local inhabitants, organisers, tourists, musicians and last but not least those who understand themselves as members of the gothic scene temporarily create the urban festival.

The paper presents a new research project funded by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft focussing on gothic festivals, the performative construction of scenes and the role of the culture industry.

Evictions and spontaneous urbanisation along Abidjan´s waterfronts.

Author: Irit Eguavoen (University of Bonn)  email

Short Abstract

The poster shows the importance of so-called quartiers d´habitation spontanés to city making, as well as the effects of on-going eviction policy by introducing the example of a peninsular in the middle of the metropolis.

Long Abstract

Abidjan in Côte d´Ivoire is built along shores and on peninsulas of the Ébrié Lagoon which dominates the city landscape. The new research project "Waterfront Metropolis Abidjan" presented here links ethnography and remote sensing to academic debates about the right to the city, rebellious cities and urban citizenship. In Abidjan, there are on the one hand public debates on the improvements of marginalized habitation, some of which are located at the water fronts. On the other hand, eviction of so-called quartiers d´habitation spontanés and informal business areas have increased under the current government led by Quattara. The historical trajectory shows the important contribution of spontaneous settlements to city making and some effects of the policy of eviction. The example of a peninsular in the middle of the metropolis is introduced where dwellings have quickly been erected and a new quarter was established after other spontaneous settlements had been forcefully evicted by the town administration.

Digital homin(id)s: ways of playing and dwelling in a virtual world

Author: Wiebken Nagel (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen)  email

Short Abstract

Based on digital ethnographic fieldwork this poster illustrates how player communication and interaction shape the way(s) of dwelling in the virtual world of science-fantasy MMORPG (massively multiplayer online-roleplaying game) Ryzom.

Long Abstract

At least since the tremendous success of fantasy MMORPG World of Warcraft and the game's subsequent apotheosis into pop culture, online-games have become a mass phenomenon: Millions of people worldwide regularly dwell in persistent virtual worlds. In each of those game worlds patterns of player interaction forge unique social constructs - player communities.

Atys, the virtual world of science-fantasy MMORPG Ryzom, contains such a player community. Ryzom, which has been launched in 2004, is still online, despite of undergoing a couple of financial problems, resulting in changes of proprietorship - not least thanks to its small but very loyal player base.

As one month of ingame participant observation and several qualitative online interviews have shown, helpfulness and reciprocal support are the things which define Ryzom's player community the most. The poster illustrates which types of social player interactions constitute those defining features. It also shows which underlying economic and social structures have been uncovered by analyzing the collected research data.

Disentangling European HIV/AIDS policies: activism, citizenship and health (EUROPACH)

Authors: Todd Sekuler (Humboldt University of Berlin)  email
Beate Binder (Humboldt Universität zu Berlin)  email
Ulrike Klöppel (Humboldt University Berlin)  email
Justyna Struzik (Jagiellonian University)  email

Short Abstract

Through the 'HIV crisis', EUROPACH explores how the past is used in the unfolding of activism, policy and citizenship. As health-governing bodies promote a biomedical approach to prevention, EUROPACH asks how the past dwells within these structures so as to enable creative approaches to the future.

Long Abstract

Through the lens of the 'HIV/AIDS crisis', the EUROPACH project explores how the past is mobilised in the unfolding of activism, health policy and citizenship in Europe. As transnational health-governing bodies seek to integrate a fortified biomedical approach into local structures of care and prevention, the project asks how the past dwells within these structures so as to enable creative and situated approaches to the future. By analysing the discourses and practices that make up HIV/AIDS policy worlds in Germany, Poland, Turkey, the UK, and at the European level, EUROPACH aims to describe the varied citizenship claims that emerge across shifting notions of Europe. Researchers will unpack the logics of policy discourses and disentangle the transnational histories involved in the co-production of these policy assemblages, and develop a corresponding interactive map for use beyond the project. They will also record interviews with actors in the field, which will provide a foundation for a European HIV/AIDS oral history archive. Ethnographic research conducted in spaces of policy development and negotiation, combined with analyses of art works engaging with the epidemic, will be used to situate citizenship models in their temporal trajectories, and then to scrutinize them for insights as to new possibilities for the future. In accounting for the multiplicity and entanglements of histories that coexist in contemporary citizenship frameworks at the nexus of sexuality, health and the body, EUROPACH aims to provide support for integrating local communities, contexts and histories into European structures and praxes of citizenship.

Social protests at the internet era

Author: Shany Kotler (Hebrew University)  email

Short Abstract

From its very beginning as a simple Facebook event, with the help of countless viral 'memes' as well as slogans that are still being used - the 'Tent Protest' of summer 2011 in Israel, brought the nation to the streets and the folk creativity to its peak.

Long Abstract

During July 2011 one of the main streets in Tel-Aviv was suddenly filled with hundreds of tents. It wasn't an urban planned camping, but the beginning of the most important social protest in Israel, that soon enough was known as 'The Tents-Protest'.

It all started with one student, who like many other Israelis struggled with the high rent, that posted an event on her Facebook page calling all those who struggle as she does to pick a tent and join her along Rothschild Boulevard, an event she never imagined would spread all around the country, bringing almost million people out on the streets.

Along with other conditions which were developing at that period, there is no doubt that social networks and the folk creativity they allow, made this naïve post into such an important social-cultural-economical event.

An illustrative example for this "folk-creativity" is the YouTube meme of "Hitler rents", one of the most known memes online; up until 2011, the Israeli example of this meme was very similar to the others around the world, in which Hitler "complained" about universal issues, but five days after the protest began, a new video (of Hitler gets angry about the high rent in Israel) was uploaded and shifted this meme into a tool through which Israelis criticize the social, economic and political reality around them, up until today.

My poster would demonstrate how the combination of the public sphere, folk creativity and technological innovation can create a new folk protest for the internet era.

Ways of dwelling : a case study of the indigenous communities of Jharkahnd, India

Authors: Satya Narayan Munda (Sido-Kanhu Murmu University, Dumka)  email

Short Abstract

Ways of Dwelling: A Study of Indigenous Communities,

Birhor, Lohra, Dom, Sauria Paharia communities live in Jharkahnd & are different by occupation.

The main objective is to highlight the various ways of dwelling of the indigenous communities, their creativity, crises and craft management.

Long Abstract

Ways of Dwelling : A Case Study of the Indigenous Communities of Jharkahnd , India

Professor Satya Narayan Munda, Anthropology Skmu, Dumka, India and Maskal Munda,

Research scholar, Ranchi University, Ranchi.

Different indigenous communities live in Jharkhand . Among them a birhor settlement is traditionally known as tanda. A tanda consists of half a dozen or more huts made of branches and leaves and are conical in shape . Economically birhor's are depended on hunting , food gathering and rope making . Lohra's are depended on iron melting making agricultural weapons and jajmani system . Doms are depended on drum beating and basket making . Thus, Sauria paharias traditional occupation is shifting cultivation . They built their houses made of mud and thatched and tiles roof . Today government assistance them to build their houses.

The main objective of this study is to highlight the various ways of dwelling of the indigenous communities and their creativity to fulfill their needs. It is also to highlight the crises and craft management of these communities.

The divine dwelling within: Siri spirit possession in Tulunadu, South India

Author: Pauline Schuster-Löhlau (University of Würzburg)  email

Short Abstract

The Siri spirits of Tulunadu, Western Karnataka, can not only be encountered dwelling in physical structures, but also in the bodies of the female and male performers of the Siri ritual. The poster will visualize how the Siri spirits take possession of places and, at certain times, of human beings.

Long Abstract

As elsewhere in India, the worship of ancestors, local deities and spirits plays a crucial role within the framework of Tulu culture, society and folk religion. According to the (traditional) world view of the people living in the Tulu-speaking areas of Western Karnataka, local deities and spirits dwell in the invisible realm of māya, whereas man, animals and plants live in the physical world of jōga. However, the boundary between the two realms is permeable, so that supernatural beings may descend to the world of humans at certain times. One of these occasions is the annual Siri festival which takes place all over Tulunadu on the full moon nights from February to May. During the Siri ritual, female and male performers, siris and kumāras, get possessed by the characters of the mythological Siri family for the whole night. In general, siris and kumāras completely identify with the character they embody, considering themselves a part of the Siri family, being proud of acting as the spirits' mediums. Moreover, the Siri spirits seem always present in the performers' lives, dwelling in their hearts and minds. Physically, the Siri spirits reside in small shrines located within temple-like structures called siri āladεs, either in anthropomorphic or aniconic form. This form of dwelling is probably easier to grasp than the concept of spirit possession, but still, the poster seeks to visually explore the notion of the "divine dwelling within", in a literal as well as in a metaphorical sense.

In search of lost time: mechanics of a minimalistic lifestyle

Author: Silja Ósk Thordardottir (University of Iceland)  email

Short Abstract

This project studies the inner mechanics of minimalistic lifestyles through sensory and visual ethnography. It explores people's experiences of finding time when changing their approach to life, and ways in which they translate fewer things and more time into a sense of happiness.

Long Abstract

The poster presents an ongoing research project on minimalistic lifestyles in Iceland. Based on in-depth interviews, visual ethnography and qualitative questionnaire responses, the project investigates minimalism as a social movement and the diverse practices and experiences of individuals who decide to de-clutter their lives and adopt a minimalistic lifestyle. In most cases, minimalism starts out with dissent toward consumerism but gradually develops into a way of life. It goes from tidying up your home to tidying up your life. The project reveals minimalistic lifestyle as a way of dwelling in the world, as it involves a re-evaluation of every aspect of daily life, every routine, indeed one's whole life. A major theme emerging from the research is that of time - and this will be central to the poster. Time is a major concern in the home for my informants, as it binds together simplicity and happiness. Having fewer things to attend to is not only about having more space (the usual understanding of minimalism) but even more so about having more time. The research finds that for people who adopt minimalistic lifestyles, the time found is key. Happiness is found neither in things nor in crowds, but it can be made in the home with the people and things you love. What happens when people find time? What happens along the way as they search for it? How do they feel about that?

Ethnographic writing as dwelling in cultural landscapes

Author: Jacek Wajszczak (University of Warsaw)  email

Short Abstract

This paper is devoted to an amateur ethnographic work from the beginning of the 20th century. It is an artistic combination of autobiographical memories and scientific documentation, interpreted here as a practice of dwelling in the cultural landscapes.

Long Abstract

“Ethnographic fragments collected personally in Podolia as the second part of the diary” by Jan Pastuszenko is an amateur ethnographic monograph from the beginning of the 20th century. Dozens of handwritten pages with drawings, schemata and photo, myths and legends, stories about neighbourhoods, minorities such as Jews and Roma are mixed together with descriptions of agricultural tools and home equipment and furnishings. On the one hand, it is an artistic presentation of autobiographical memories, but on the other hand it is a kind of scientific documentation, inspired by a monumental work, “Die Sitten der Völker” by George Buschan. In analyzing this ethnographic diary I describe the ethnographer as an author who resides in a multi-dimensional reality. I would like to interpret research and writing as personal experiences embedded in interactions with people, cultures, memory and identity.

Dwelling of pagan past in present-day Lithuania

Author: Dalia Senvaitytė (Vytautas Magnus University)  email

Short Abstract

Popularity and particularities of neo-pagan movements those members connect themselves with Pre-Christian Baltic religion in Lithuania will be discussed in the presentation. The diversity of the shifting phenomena, a variety of related groups and subgroups will be analyzed.

Long Abstract

Native faith related groups are specific, complex and alive phenomena variously linked with alternative religiosity, the images of Lithuanian's "traditional ethnic culture" and the "pagan past".

The diversity of the shifting phenomena will be presented. Main ideas and activities of phenomena related groups and subgroups dwelling in Lithuania will be discussed. Interpretations and the use of "pagan past"," traditional ethnic culture", impact of alternative spirituality, urban life style as well as related factors in those groups will be talked over. Interconnections of the groups, their relations with outside groups, Lithuanian Nationalism and Christianity will be deliberated.

What do you mean by Folklore?

Author: Þórunn Kjartansdóttir  email

Short Abstract

Discussion about why it can by helpful to use folklore in social studies for teenagers. Built on teaching material in folklore for Secondary School. It focuses on the student and his folklore and how it links people together but at the same time divides it in groups.

Long Abstract

The main question of the research is how it´s possible to use folklore in teaching and how a subject like folklore touches the daily life of young people. By knowing yourself and your background and how different aspects of society mold you it helps the students to realise what effects their views on life and society. At the same time it shows them how every one of us molds the society and changes it while at the same time the society molds and controls their daily actions. We are all a part of some society, constantly changing because of our actions. By doing that the students have a possibility to look at themselves, reviewing traditions, stories and material culture. They get to reflect themselves in the society, both the present and past and see the common threads that connect different times and different cultures.

By seeing the similarities between different groups which seem, at first sight, to have nothing in common should increase their tolerance and compassion, endorsing better and more enlightening communication, not only between the students themselves or different generations but also different ethnic groups within societies. It´s there that the folkloristic take on a given subject is useful and should be able to widen the perspective of the group of people that will inherit the society.

Art of living with trash

Authors: Veera Kinnunen (University of Lapland)  email
Jarno Valkonen (University of Lapland)  email

Short Abstract

We illustrate the creative craft of living with waste through specific form of waste treatment: Bokashi composting. We argue that Bokashi composting as a practice creates a new kind of ethical relationship with waste in which waste is no longer an unwanted abject, but a cohabiting companion.

Long Abstract

The European Union has set as its long-term goal to become a resource efficient "recycle society" by 2020. The ultimate goal is that the inevitable side-products of living will no longer be treated as an unwanted surplus to be gotten rid of but instead as a resource that can be reused again and again. In a perfect recycle society the materials flow in an endless circular motion and there is no need for new raw materials. This goal also affects how people live their everyday lives in homes and offices. Waste has become a complicated matter and new routines and treatment practices are constantly forming around waste. Waste has ceased to be an abject to be quickly flushed down the drain or dumped in the bin. Instead, people are constantly finding innovative ways to co-exist peacefully with it. We will illustrate the creative craft of living with waste through specific form of waste treatment: Bokashi composting. We argue that Bokashi composting as a practice creates a new kind of ethical relationship with waste that is based on affectionate reciprocity and generosity. In the practice of Bokashi waste matter is something that is not merely taken care of out of duty, but something to be thoroughly and joyfully engaged with. It is treated as a cohabiting companion that communicates and cooperates with the composter.

Handcrafted objects as keepers of knowledge

Authors: Benjamin W. Schulze (ifh Goettingen)  email
Dorothee Hemme (Göttingen University)  email
Isabell Blana (Research Institute for Vocational Education in Crafts )  email
Ann-Kathrin Blankenberg  email

Short Abstract

The organ, often perceived as ‘the queen of instruments’, is a unique object of expertise, in which whole generations of organ builders eternalized themselves. Thus, our transdisciplinary project understands organs as important keepers of knowledge.

Long Abstract

The poster will feature results from an interdisciplinary project on the role of embodied and experiential knowledge in craft innovation, represented by the organ example.

In craftsmanship, objects of expertise contain the experiential knowledge of their creators, which cannot be transferred without some effort. The process of transferring knowledge in craftsmanship is handled by expert craftspeople through training institutions such as the examinations for apprentices, journeymen and masters, as well as the years of travel, and many other instruments. Transfer of knowledge is of central importance for the innovation process in craftsmanship: on the basis of existing abilities, craftspeople must adapt their solutions to the current needs of their clients and/or the current interactions of dynamically changing materials, options for processing, functionality, and aesthetics. The identity of the craftsman plays an important role, both for the transfer of knowledge as well as for the process of innovation, as the craftsmen or women pass their knowledge on to someone who will use the knowledge gained in the same profession to earn their livelihood and who will, in turn, pass on their own knowledge to the next generation.

Our project aims to capture the specific experiential knowledge of craftsmanship based on objects fashioned with expertise, and to document that knowledge and the practices in which it is incorporated to make it usable in professional training as well as available to third parties. The project thus is fundamentally interested in processes of innovation.

Creative ways to reuse of plastic bottles in modern Belarusian towns: can trash become art?

Authors: Yanina Hrynevich (The Center for the Belarusian culture, language and literature research of NASB)  email
Julia Prakofjewa (The Center for the Belarusian culture, language and literature research of National Academy of Sciences of Belarus)  email

Short Abstract

Based on ongoing ethnographic fieldwork this poster illustrates extremely popular trend in landscape design of small Belarusian towns – accomplishment the urban area with small architectural forms made from PET raw material.

Long Abstract

This poster presentation focuses on creative ways to reuse of plastic bottles which are widespread in Belarus nowadays. Accessibility, durability and absence of a culture of mandatory recycling plastic bottles make the PET raw material popular for handicraft. Master-hands use the industrial material to create natural forms. Sculpts made from PET raw material that usually have typical forms (animals and birds, plants, fairy tale characters and world famous monuments) are using for accomplishment the area near the houses. Thus way inhabitants of the towns form a dream space around their dwelling places. Creating small architectural forms from PET raw material also meets the needs of the inhabitants of the modern cities in a self-realization. As a rule, instructions for creating can be found in newspapers, magazines and television programmes dealing with hobbies or in the Internet.

The poster will present findings from ethnographic research on the sources and kinds of this trend, typical locations of small architectural forms made from PET raw material, relation of citizens to it and its place in the landscape of the modern Belarusian towns.

Cultural landscape, intangible heritage and regional bioclimatic architecture

Author: Dinah Guimaraens (University Federal Fluminense)  email

Short Abstract

The paper discusses dialogic forms of informal communication between indigenous and academic cultures about bioclimatic architecture which, building on Poulain (2012), gave rise to the transcultural dialogue required in contemporary times.

Long Abstract

The paper aims to pose questions that explore links between indigenous intangible cultural heritage and the environment, arising from bioclimatic architecture and creative cultural industries. Emphasizing building practices evident in the traditional indigenous architecture of Xingu, in a collaboration established with Indians of Maracanã Village in Rio de Janeiro, the project updates a territory of regional experiences in the urban context of large and medium-sized Brazilian cities. In order to promote forms of taking root vis-à-vis alienating forms of contemporary culture, it proposes the creation of a team that interrelates indigenous constructive agents with architects, engineers, designers and artists.

The paper also focuses on the concept of Unesco Cultural Landscape as "safeguarding the cultural and natural heritage of outstanding universal value", carrying out the application of the

Convention criteria defined in December 1992 by the World Heritage Committee that established three categories of cultural landscapes, as t follows : 1) Landscapes designed, conceived and created by man, such as landscaping gardens; 2) Evolutionary landscapes and vineyards, rice fields etc, and 3) Associative landscapes of religious, artistic and cultural aspects as sacred or commemorative sites (Incollá 1999, p. 11-12). This proposal derives from a participatory approach that allows the Indians to become members of the Living Museum as healers, teachers and builders. It features digital interactive products and indigenous objects with live demonstrations of construction techniques, basketry, traditional cuisine, seed handcrafts, wood carvings, and music and dance performances.

Rebuilding homes

Author: Vilborg Bjarkadóttir (University of Iceland)  email

Short Abstract

The study explores how people experience the transformation of their bodies during and following an accident. The poster will focus on how people use narrative techniques as means of patching up the broken somatic homes in which they have dwelt throughout their lives.

Long Abstract

We all dwell in within our own bodies, but when the body has an accident it

is as if home has been broken and the person within made, at least temporarily homeless. Drawing on interviews with people who have had serious accidents the study focuses on people´s bodily experiences during and following accidents when they experience certain detachment from their own bodies, seeing it as uncanny. Discovering that the body is not as it used to be; the person finds her or himself facing disabilities, altered appearance, chronic pain and so forth.

In analyzing the ethnographic material attention has been directed to how the interviewees gradually reaccommodate themselves in their bodies, finding ways to make their bodies home again. Unlike the snail that can go in and out of his house and leave it behind, humans are limited to the same body for life and have to make best of it, whatever happens.

The poster presents findings from the study on the way the interviewees use narratives as a form of rebuilding and redecorating their bodies. Building on the metaphor of the body as home, the poster offers and analysis the narratology of accident narratives. Supplementing the narrative account with photographic materials and drawings based on the imagery and metaphors by the interviewees as means of describing physical changes that occurred to their bodies during and after accident, the poster reflects the findings of the study in terms of how narrative are used in the process of healing.

Mobile houses: less technical, more creative?

Authors: Alexandra Borsari (Télécom Paristech)  email
Pierre Esteve (Art Science 21)  email

Short Abstract

Dwelling implies to belong to a group and to transform one's environment. This research investigates the way mobile houses change the relation to techniques, environment and society. Do they allow more individual creativity or encourage conformity?

Long Abstract

This poster will present a research on alternative ways of dwelling: innovative and cheap, fixed and mobile in urban and rural areas. This poster will focus on mobile houses.

Basically, dwelling means to have access to resources. It implies to have a place within a group. It means also to transform one's environment, which is probably very common in the living world. Techniques are not only human, but the interest in techniques seems more important in human societies. A new trend in the West seeks to minimize the impact of techniques. This research challenges this assumption by investigating and experimenting mobile houses conception and construction. Are the mobile houses less technical? Is a less technical approach more "green"? And what does it mean to be "less technical"?

Moreover, if being part of a group is adopting similar ways of dwelling, finding one's place can let space to creativity. Mobile houses are the perfect artifact to investigate the need to belong to a community by copying standards (why many micro houses are so similar?) and the possibility to improve one's creativity (with new shapes, new materials, etc.). A first collaboration has been launched with SupBiotech, a French engineer school, on bioinspired coatings and structures.

This research is focused on creativity and its political implications.

Wiigiwaamikewin: making a winter lodge for an Ojibwe past and future

Authors: Thomas DuBois (University of Wisconsin-Madison)  email
Tim Frandy (Northland College)  email

Short Abstract

In 2016, Ojibwe educators and artists of the Lac du Flambeau Reservation built a bibooni-wiigiwaam, a traditional floor-heated, birch and cedar winter lodge. Such wigwam dwellings, once essential for winter survival, take on new meanings in a context of cultural revitalization and educational sovereignty.

Long Abstract

This poster presents a case study in an ongoing partnership between Lac du Flambeau reservation educators and artists and folklorists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Northland College. The project grew out of a sense of loss regarding a once ubiquitous form of housing, the bibooni-wiigiwaam, or winter lodge. Constructed of maple, birch bark, and cedar bark, the dwelling was heated by a sunken fire pit equipped with underground piping to supply outside air. Such dwellings were places of warmth and community in the winter, the time of year in which Ojibwe pooled resources to survive the harsh winter and performed traditional storytelling to teach a younger generation Ojibwe values and understandings.

By the early 2000s, no member of the tribe had ever been in such a dwelling. Drawing on models of experimental archaeology, the project sought to recover the technology and building know-how that was once an essential part of Ojibwe culture. At the same time, the project undertook its work in order to build an empowered future for the reservation's youth: underscoring the idea that traditions can be recovered, repatriated and revitalized. Although tribal members did not contemplate using the wiigiwaam as a place to live permanently, they envision using it as a place to teach Ojibwe narrative and other traditions to children, immersing them in a fully Ojibwe environment and celebrating Ojibwe ways of living. The poster discusses the project within the context of indigenous educational sovereignty and revitalization.

Die Megillah By Itzik Manger: the Golden Peacock case

Authors: Olga Levitan (Tel-Aviv University)  email
Roni Cohen  email

Short Abstract

The poster discusses a problem of cultural identification through a comparable analysis of home images displayed in theater programs of the two different Israeli productions of the notorious play Die Megillah by Itzik Manger.

Long Abstract

The design of theater program, its various visual images and motifs, and the accompanying text, all serve as a type of "declaration of intent" of the creators. The front cover of the play Die Megillah by the notorious Yiddish poet Itzik Manger, performed in the Hammam theatre (Yaffo,1965), displays an "Oriental" looking picture: The houses represent an Eastern-style construction as opposed to European, and a figure dressed in fancy Persian clothes. The front cover of the production of the Yiddish Theater in Israel (1988) shows us a completely different picture, emphasizing the Eastern European Jewish element. The poster offers a comparable analysis of the programs, created for the two meaningful Israeli productions of Die Megillah, engaging with the questions of cultural sources, encounters and identification.

This panel is closed to new paper proposals.